Sunday, July 17, 2011

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta is also called Jogja, Jogjakarta or Yogyakarta is located in the middle of Java Island - Indonesia, where everything was cheap. You can stay, eat traditional cuisine of the famous, and rent a bike to explore the beaches are pristine and ancient temples of thousands of years old.
A thousand years ago, London was the center of the ancient Mataram kingdom prosperous and has a high civilization. Here's who founded the Kingdom of the Borobudur Buddhist temple which is the largest in the world, 300 years before Angkor Wat in Cambodia. Other relics are the temple of Prambanan, Ratu Boko Palace, and dozens of other temples that have been restored and those still buried under the ground.
But by some mysterious reason, of Old Mataram Kingdom government to move the center of East Java in the 10th century. It's magnificent temples were abandoned and partially buried by the eruption of Mount Merapi material. Slowly, the Yogyakarta area went back into the thick forest.
Six hundred years later, Panembahan Senopati establish Islamic Mataram kingdom in the region. Yogyakarta once again be witness to history who mastered the great kingdoms of Java and its surroundings. Islamic Mataram kingdom was leaving a trail of ruins and royal tombs in the town now known as the center of silver in Yogyakarta.

Candi Prambanan
Prambanan is incredibly beautiful building that was built in the 10th century during the reign of two kings, and Rakai Rakai Pikatan Balitung. Rose as high as 47 feet (5 meters higher than Borobudur temple), the foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire to show Hindu triumph in the land of Java. This temple is located 17 kilometers from the city center, in the middle of the area that is now a beautiful park.
Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva. These three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. All three temples were facing east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Swan to Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. In addition, there are two temples wedge, 4 temples color, and 4 corner temples. In the second there are 224 temples.

Keraton Yogyakarta 
Stretching between the monument as a boundary in the northern and southern limit Krapyak Stage, between Code River in the east and west of the River Winongo. Between Mount Merapi and the South Sea, the Palace in the minds of the Java community, defined as the center of the world which is described as the center of the universe.
After the Treaty Giyanti, Prince Mangkubumi given region of Yogyakarta. To run the government, Prince Mangkubumi build a palace in 1755 in the Forest region Beringan. This land is considered quite good because it is sandwiched between two rivers that protect it from possible flooding. The first king was Pangeran Mangkubumi with title Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I (HB I).
Malioboro
Extends over the imaginary axis connecting the sultan's palace, monument and the peak of Mount Merapi, the road is formed into a locality of trading after Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I developed a means of trading through a traditional market since 1758. After 248 years passed, it still survives as a trade area even be one of the icon known as Malioboro Yogyakarta. 
Located about 800 meters from the sultan's palace, this place was once filled with a bouquet of flowers every time the Palace implement celebration. Malioboro, which in Sanskrit means "bouquet" became the basis of naming the street.
Flanked by shops, offices, restaurants, hotels and historic buildings, streets that were once the struggle had become the base when the Dutch military aggression to-2 in 1948 had also been a land of wandering artists who are members of the community Persada Studies Club (PSK) led artists Landu Paranggi pennant since 1970's until about 1990.
 

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